Imperial Tramways Company Limited
History The rather grandly titled Imperial Tramways Co Ltd (ITC) began life in 1878 - as a London-based company - with the purchase of several tramway systems (in places as diverse as Dublin and Middlesbrough) and eventually had a railway interest as well (Corris Railway). The key event in the life of this small company was its purchase in 1892 by George White (later Sir), a Bristol-based enterpreneur and leading light in Bristol Tramways. The history of the ITC thus became intimately bound up with the Bristol Tramways and with the 'White' family. Sir George White subsequently founded London United Tramways (1894) - opening London's first overhead electric route - before going on to launch the Bristol Aeroplane Company in 1910 and Bristol Motors (cars, lorries and buses) two years later. Sir George's nephew also played a key role, initially by representing the family on the LUT board, and later as Chairman of both Bristol Tramways and the ITC. The family sold their controlling interest in the Bristol Tramways and Carriage Company Ltd in 1929, and the ITCL was officially liquidated the following year.
Button description Elaborate script initials 'ITCL'
Materials known Brass; nickel
Button Line reference [116/83]
Comment The first button opposite was originally ascribed (in Button Lines) to the 'Ipswich Tramway Company Limited'; however, this company did not issue its staff with uniforms (see link), so the attribution is almost certainly incorrect. A much stronger possibility, though still to be conclusively proven, is that it is an issue of the Middlesbrough, Stockton and Thornaby Electric Tramways, a company which was wholly owned and directly worked by the Imperial Tramways Company Limited.
The second button illustrated opposite is often misdescribed/misascribed as 'Imperial Tramways Co Ltd', but is in fact an issue of the Imperial Tobacco Company Limited (Nottingham). Thanks to David Long for pointing out the correct attribution, which is documented in the International Button Collectors Club Docu-File as 'British Livery No. 215'.
Tramway interests The following list details - to the best of my knowledge - those concerns in which the Imperial Tramways Company Limited had an interest (either as the owner, the operator or as a major shareholder) at some time during the tramway's life. The dates represent the approximate span of ITC interest (from opening/purchase to closure/sale), not the life of the tramway system itself. So far, marked buttons are known for the Bristol and London systems, both of which were specific to those tramways.
Blackrock and Kingstown Tramway Company Limited (1893-1896)
Bristol Tramways and Carriage Company Limited (1892-1930)
Gloucester Tramways Company (1879-1881)
City of York Tramways Company (1886-1909)
Dublin Southern District Tramways (1878-1896)
London United Tramways (1894-19??)
Middlesbrough, Stockton and Thornaby Electric Tramways (1898-1921)
Reading Tramways Company (1879-1901)
Stockton and Darlington Steam Tramways - Darlington lines (1896-1902)
Stockton and Darlington Steam Tramways - Stockton lines (1896-1897)
West Metropolitan Tramways (1894)