Swansea Tramways (Swansea Improvements and Tramways Co Ltd)



Owner Swansea Improvements and Tramways Co Ltd
Opened 12th July 1878 (horse)
Operator Swansea Improvements and Tramways Co Ltd
Taken over 1897 (controlling interest acquired by British Electric Traction)
First electric route 30th June 1900
Took over (operation) January 1905 (new Glamorgan County council line to Ynysforgan)
Took over (operation) 22nd April 1905 (new Swansea Corporation lines)
Took over (operation) 19th August 1905 (new Swansea Corporation line to Port Tennant)
Closed 29th June 1937
Length 13.36 miles
Gauge 4ft 8½ins

Button description (Pattern 1) Title (‘Swansea Improvements and Tramways’) in circlet surrounding arms (shield with castle beneath a small shield, surmounted by a sailing ship upon a wall) with lion and dragon supporters with garlands, all above motto: 'Floreat Swansea' (Let Swansea flourish)
Materials known Brass; Japanned brass
Button Line reference [None]

Button description (Pattern 2) Wheel, magnet and electrical flashes
Materials known Brass; nickel; chrome; black horn
Button Line reference [113/16]

Comments Ownership of the Swansea system was unusual in that extensions to the initial SITCoLtd network were financed by two local authorities: Swansea Corporation (6.82 miles) and Glamorgan County Council (0.62 miles). The SITCoLtd therefore owned just under half (5.58 miles) the total network. The SITCoLtd was also the operator of the Swansea and Mumbles Railway from 1877 until 1927, despite ownership of that company passing through several hands down the years.

The arms are based on the what was at the time of issue, the unofficial arms of Swansea; the crest however is completely different.