Kidderminster and Stourport Electric Tramway
The Kidderminster and Stourport Electric Tramways Company was a subsidiary of the much larger British Electric Traction Company Ltd (BET), a concern which over the course of its history either owned, part-owned or leased almost 50 tramway concerns across the British Isles. Although jackets appeared to vary somewhat between BET systems, as well as across the decades, the cap badges, collar designations and buttons invariably followed a standard pattern.
During the first few years of operation, motormen wore double-breasted jackets with two rows of three buttons, and lapels, whilst conductors were issued with single-breasted jackets with three buttons and lapels; both types of jacket appear to have been completely devoid of insignia. Caps were initially kepis with a glossy peak; these bore a cap badge, possibly embroidered 'K & S E T Co' initials.
Crewmen's tunics were changed to a heavier-duty, single-breasted design relatively quickly, made from blue serge with yellow piping; these had five buttons (probably brass - see link), epaulettes and upright collars. It is unclear whether the latter carried any badges, though by analogy with other BET-owned systems, they probably bore an employee number on the left-hand side and individual system initials on the right-hand side (almost certainly in brass). The kepi caps were replaced by upright military-style caps which bore the standard BET 'Magnet & Wheel' cap badge (see below). Unlike most other BET subsidiaries however, staff of the K&SETCo do not appear to have worn employee numbers on their caps.
Motormen and conductors were also issued with double-breasted overcoats with two rows of five buttons and high, fold-over collars; the latter appear to have borne individual, metal, 'K & S E T' initials on both sides.
In October 1915, the BET's interest in the K&SETCo was transferred to the Birmingham and Midland Tramways Co Ltd, the system being administered by the Birmingham and Midland Tramways Joint Committee, along with the BET's Black Country tramways. The K&SETCo was subsequently issued with uniforms by the B&MTJC, with both motormen and conductors wearing double-breasted jackets with two rows of four buttons and high, fold-over collars; the latter carried individual metal initials - 'B M T' - on the right-hand side and an employee number on the left-hand side, almost certainly in brass. Somewhat curiously, staff continued to wear the standard BET 'Magnet & Wheel' cap badge, instead of the larger B&MTJC cap badge (see link).
In the 1920s, motormen, and maybe conductors too, were issued with single-breasted, lightweight summer coats, possibly beige or grey in colour.
Inspectors wore a single-breasted jacket with hidden buttons and upright collars, almost certainly bearing ‘Inspector’ in embroidered script lettering. The standard ‘Magnet & Wheel’ cap badge was probably worn, but with a script-lettering ‘Inspector’ badge in place of the usual employee number.
It is currently unclear whether female staff were employed by the tramway during the Great War (as they were on many other tramway systems).
For information on the K&SET, see 'The Illustrated History of Kidderminster and Stourport Electric Tramways Co, 1898-1929' by Melvyn Thompson and David Voice (David Voice Associates, 1998) or 'Black Country Tramways Volume II' by J S Webb (J S Webb, 1976).
Motormen and conductors
Conductor and motorman in early-period kepi-style caps with a pristine condition Tramcar No 3 - photo undated, but probably taken in 1899. The caps appear to have some kind of embroidered badge, possibly 'K & S E T Co' initials. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with particular thanks to David Voice.
Conductor and motorman pose alongside Tramcar No 6 between Oldington Farm and Upper Mitton - photo undated, but probably taken before July 1899 as the car still has a trailer coupling and all trailers had been motorised by this time. Both men are wearing kepi-style caps with what appear to be embroidered initials cap badges. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with particular thanks to David Voice.
Motorman Francis Thompson and Relief Conductor William Harris pose with a jam-packed Tramcar No 11 at Burlish Loop, Stourport, in 1905. The relief conductor - a temporary role to deal with heavily loaded cars - is in informal attire, though he does have a municipal licence to prove his authority. The conductor proper (Alan Arley) is actually at the back of the tram, out of shot. Author's collection.
Blow-up of the above photo showing details of the Motorman Thompson's uniform, including the standard BET 'Magnet & Wheel' cap badge along with 'K&SET' initials on his overcoat collar.
Standard British Electric Traction Company ‘Magnet & Wheel’ cap badge - brass
Kidderminster municipal tramways licence - alloy. With thanks to the National Tramway Museum.
Motorman, conductor and relief conductor pose aboard Tramcar No 8 near Upper Mitton in the early 1900s. The motorman appears to be wearing an initials cap badge on his kepi-style cap, presumably like those normally worn on the overcoat collars, whilst his conductor sports the standard BET 'Magnet & Wheel' cap badge on a newer military-style cap. The relief conductor is wearing informal attire, though like his colleagues, his does have the standard municipal licence. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with particular thanks to David Voice.
A rather poor quality Great War photo of Tramcar No 15 and crew at the terminus at Stourport. Although neither man appears to be wearing a BET 'Magnet & Wheel' cap badge, this is probably because they are in shadow. This and the next photo however, do suggest that another badge of unknown pattern was worn beneath the main BET cap badge during and shortly after the Great War. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with particular thanks to David Voice.
The crew of Tramcar No 2 pose for the camera at the Somerleyton Terminus, Kidderminster, around 1920. Whilst the conductor appears to be wearing a BET 'Magnet and Wheel' cap badge, the motorman has a badge of unknown pattern, which is very probably military; the wearing of regimental badges (presumably ex-unit) was quite commonplace during and after the Great War. Both men appear to be wearing some type of block initials cap badge beneath their main BET cap badges. Photo courtesy of the National Tramway Museum.
A very poor quality photo, but one which does show that crewmen wore 'BMT' initials on their right-hand jacket lapels, but still with the standard BET 'Magnet & Wheel' cap badge - photo undated, but probably taken in the early 1920s. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with particular thanks to David Voice.
Tramcar No 2 once again with conductor and motorman - photo undated, but probably taken in the mid-to-late 1920s. The motorman is wearing a lightweight summer coat of a type issued by many tramways during the 1920s and 1930s. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with particular thanks to David Voice.