City of Lincoln Tramways / Lincoln Corporation Tramways
Following its purchase of the Lincoln Tramways Company in July 1904, Lincoln Corporation operated horse trams for just over a year (until 22nd July 1905). Horsecar crews continued to wear the informal heavy duty working attire (jackets, overcoats, bowler hats and flat caps) that they had worn under company ownership (see link); no insiginia of any kind was worn.
For the inauguration of electrically-operated services, motormen and conductors were issued with double-breasted, 'lancer-style' tunics with two rows of five nickel buttons (narrowing from top to bottom - see link), upright collars and epaulettes (with button fastening); the upright collars bore 'L C T' in individual nickel letters, at least on the left-hand side, and possibly on the right-hand side too. Caps were military in style with a glossy peak and tensioned crown (top); they bore a municipal shield badge (from Lincoln's arms), which was worn above a standard 'off-the-shelf', script-lettering grade badge - either ‘Motorman’ or ‘Conductor’ - presumably in nickel to match the buttons.
Tram crews were also issued with heavy, double-breasted, 'lancer-style' greatcoats with two rows of five buttons and high fold-over collars, the latter reinforced in leatherand with an employee number on both sides (in individual nickel numerals).
Inspectors wore single-breasted jackets edged in a finer material than the main jacket, with hidden buttons (or an hook and eye affair) and upright collars; the trousers bore a stripe, again in a finer material than the main cloth. Each collar carried a embroidered lettering, almost certainly the bearer's grade - 'Inspector'. Caps were in the military style with a tensioned crown and appear to have borne an embroidered cloth cap badge in the form of the Lincoln shield. Lincoln probably employed the services of a Chief Inspector, whose uniform differed from those of the inspectors by virtue of his grade, on the upright collars, and the cap - which was braided - and cap badge, which though cloth, appears to have been supplemented with a ribbon beneath the shield.
As with many tramway systems, female staff were employed during the Great War to replace men lost to the armed services; in Lincoln's case, these ladies were employed both as conductresses and motorwomen. Female staff were issued with tailored, single-breasted jackets with a row of four buttons and lapels, and long matching skirts; other than the buttons, no insignia appears to have been worn on the jackets. Headgear comprised a baggy cap with a glossy peak, bearing standard script-lettering cap badges - either 'Motorman' or 'Conductor' - and sometimes, but not always, a municipal shield badge. Female tramcar staff were also issued with heavy, single-breasted greatcoats with a row of five buttons, high fold-over collars and epaulettes. The collars appear to have mostly been left unadorned, but odd photographs do show employee numbers and/or 'L C T' initials.
Unlike most tramway operators, Lincoln continued to employ women tramcar staff well beyond the war, in fact, right up until closure of the system in 1929.
Motormen and conductors
The crew of what looks to be a newly top-covered Tramcar No 5, dating the photograph to 1907/8. Author's collection.
A blow-up of the above photo showing the conductor - Employee No 5 - who is wearing a script-lettering 'Conductor' grade badge with a municipal 'shield' badge above.
Another blow-up of the above photo, this time showing the motorman, who is wearing a script-lettering 'Motorman' grade badge and a municipal 'shield' badge.
City of Lincoln Tramways script-lettering cap badges - nickel.
Lincoln City Tramways shield cap badge - nickel. This badge is 36mm from top to bottom, which appears to be the right size for the badges seen in the photos, but which has a pin back, a most unusual fixing for a tramway badge. Author's collection.
Lincoln ‘shield’ cap badge - nickel. This badge is only 28mm from top to bottom, which seems too small to have been the badge seen in the photos. Author's collection.
Conductor and motorman pose with Tramcar No 6 on a service for St Benedict's Square - photo dated 1910. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.
Motorman at the controls of Tramcar No 7 - photo undated, but certainly taken before December 1919 as the tramcar is equipped for surface contact working. Although the motorman appears not to be wearing a municipal shield badge, this is probably present, but in shadow. The convex device at the front is to stop urchins riding on the fender! Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.
Motorman and conductor pose with Tramcar No 4 on a service to Bracebridge - photo undated, but certainly taken after 1919 as the car is equipped for overhead working. Photo courtesy of the National Tramway Museum.
A blow-up of the above photo showing the motorman. The 'L C T' collar initials are easily made out.
City of Lincoln Tramways collar initials - nickel.
A decorated English Electric tram (either No 7 or No 8) standing in the depot yard - photo undated, but possibly taken shortly after the Great War. Author's collection
A blow-up of the above photo, which is the only image I've been able to find of a Lincoln City Tramways inspector (assuming of course that he's not a Chief Inspector). The cap bears a large shield badge, with a ribbon underneath, possibly of embroidered cloth.
A photograph of an individual who, in view of the two-line embroidered collar designations, is almost certainly a Chief Inspector. The cap badge is clearly much larger than that issued to tramcar staff, comprising the Lincoln shield with a ribbon underneath.
Lincoln inspector's cap badge - cloth. This was certainly worn during the later bus era, and may possibly have been worn towards the end of the tramway's life. Author's collection.
An all-female crew pose with their vehicle (Tramcar No 2) on a service to Bracebridge - photo undated, but almost certainly taken during or shortly after the Great War. Whilst both ladies are wearing script-lettering cap badges, only the conductress appears to have a shield badge above. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.
Lincoln City Tramways conductress - 2nd March 1929. The usual script-lettering grade badge is absent. Photographer, H Nicol, with thanks to the National Tramway Museum.
A motorwoman at the controls of a very delapidated tramcar on a service to Bracebridge - photo undated, but probably taken shortly after the Great War as the tram is equipped for overhead rather than surface contact working (conversion took place in late 1919). Note that this appears to be the same lady as the previous photo. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.