City of Lincoln Tramways / Lincoln Corporation Tramways

Summary
Following its purchase of the Lincoln Tramways Company in July 1904, Lincoln Corporation continued to operate horse trams for just over a year, until 22nd July 1905. Horsecar crews continued to wear the informal heavy duty working attire (jackets, overcoats, bowler hats and flat caps) that they had worn under company ownership (see link); no insiginia of any kind was worn.

For the inauguration of electrically-operated services, motormen and conductors were issued with double-breasted, 'lancer-style' tunics with two rows of five nickel buttons (narrowing from top to bottom - see link), upright collars and epaulettes (with button fastening); the upright collars bore 'L C T' in individual nickel letters on the bearer's left-hand side, and an employee number (probably) on the right-hand side. Caps were military in style with a glossy peak and tensioned crown (top); they bore a scalloped-topped municipal shield badge (taken from the arms of Lincoln), which was worn above a standard 'off-the-shelf', script-lettering grade badge - either ‘Motorman’ or ‘Conductor’ - all presumably in nickel to match the buttons.

Tramcar crews were also issued with heavy, double-breasted, 'lancer-style' greatcoats with two rows of five buttons and high fold-over collars, the latter were reinforced in leather in the early days, and bore an employee number on both sides (in individual nickel numerals). In later years, system initials were worn on one side of the collars, with the employee number on the other.

Inspectors probably wore single-breasted jackets edged in a finer material than the main jacket, with hidden buttons (or an hook and eye affair) and upright collars; the trousers bore a stripe, again in a finer material than the main cloth. Each collar carried embroidered script lettering, almost certainly the bearer's grade - 'Inspector'. Caps were military in style with a tensioned crown, and appear to have borne an embroidered cloth cap badge in the form of the Lincoln shield, supplemented with a ribbon underneath. Perhaps surprisingly for such a small system, the LCT appears to have employed the services of a Chief Inspector; his unform was very similar to that worn by inspectors, differing only in respect of the grade on the collars, and the use of braiding on the cap.

As with many tramway systems, female staff were employed during the Great War to replace men lost to the armed services; in Lincoln's case, these ladies were employed both as conductresses and motorwomen. Female staff were issued with long, tailored, single-breasted jackets with a row of five buttons, high fold-over collars and epaulettes; the jackets were sometimes worn unbuttoned, giving the impression of lapels. The collars carried an employee number on the bearer's left-hand side, and individual nickel 'L C T' initials on the right; a long matching skirt was also worn. Headgear was initially the same style of military cap issued to the men, though this appears to have been relatively quickly superseded by a baggy peaked cap, presumably specifically for use by the ladies. The caps bore script-lettering grade badges - either 'Motorman' or 'Conductor' - and sometimes, but not always, the standard municipal shield badge. Female tramcar staff were also issued with heavy, single-breasted greatcoats with a row of five buttons, high fold-over collars and epaulettes. The collars appear to have been devoid of insignia.

Unlike most tramway operators, Lincoln continued to employ women tramcar staff well beyond the war, in fact, right up until closure of the system in 1929.

For more information on Lincoln Corporation Tramways, see: 'The Tramways of the City of Lincoln' by D H Yarnell; Tramway Review Volumes 8 and 9, Nos 63, 64 and 65 (1970 and 1971).

Images

Motormen and conductors
Lincoln City Tramways Tram No 5
The crew of what looks to be a newly top-covered Tramcar No 5, dating the photograph to 1907/8. Author's collection.


Lincoln City Tramways conductor 1907
A blow-up of the above photo showing the conductor - Employee No 5 - who is wearing a script-lettering 'Conductor' grade badge with a large municipal 'shield' badge above it.


Lincoln City Trawmays female cap badge
Lincoln Corporation Tramways scalloped shield cap badge - nickel. This badge is 36mm from top to bottom, which appears to be about the right size for the badges seen in the photographs, but which has a pin back, a quite unusual fixing for a tramway badge. Author's collection.


Lincoln City Tramways motorman 1907
Another blow-up of the photo above, this time showing the motorman, who is wearing a script-lettering 'Motorman' grade badge and a municipal 'shield' badge.


City of Lincoln Tramways cap badges
Standard, 'off-the-shelf', script lettering grade badges of the type used by the Lincoln Corporation Tramways - nickel.


City of L:incoln Tramways crew
Conductor and motorman pose with Tramcar No 6 on a service for St Benedict's Square - photo dated 1910. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.


City of Lincoln Tramways Conductress and motorman
A superb studio portrait of Great War conductress Mary Jane Jackson and her motorman brother-in-law, George Gregory (Employee No 2). Original held in a private collection, courtesy of the National Tramway Museum.


City of Lincoln Tramways Motorman George Gregory
Although Conductress Jackson is wearing the usual LCT cap badge, Motorman Gregory has one of a noticeably different shape.


City of Lincoln Tramways Motorman
Motorman at the controls of Tramcar No 7 - photo undated, but certainly taken before December 1919 as the tramcar is equipped for surface contact working. Although the motorman does not appear to be wearing a municipal shield badge, this is probably present, but in shadow. The convex device at the front is to stop urchins riding on the fender! Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.


City of Lincoln tramways crew Tram No 4
Motorman and conductor pose with Tramcar No 4 on a service to Bracebridge - photo undated, but certainly taken after 1919 as the car is equipped for overhead working. Photo courtesy of the National Tramway Museum.


Licoln City Tramways motorman
A blow-up of the above photo showing the motorman. The 'L C T' collar initials are easily made out.


City of Lincoln Tramways collar initials
Lincoln Corporation Tramways collar initials - nickel. Author's Collection.


Lincoln City Tramways cap badge
Lincoln ‘shield’ cap badge - nickel. This badge is only 28mm from top to bottom, which seems too small to have been the badge seen in the photos. It may possibly be a Lincoln 'police' issue. Author's collection.


Senior staff
Lincoln Corporation Tramways decorated tram
A decorated English Electric tram (either No 7 or No 8) standing in the depot yard - photo undated, but possibly taken shortly after the Great War. Author's collection


City of Lincoln Tramways inspector
A blow-up of the above photo, which is the only image I've been able to find of a Lincoln Corporation Tramways inspector (assuming of course that he's not a Chief Inspector). The cap bears a large shield badge, with a ribbon underneath, probably of embroidered cloth.


Lincoln City Tramways Inspector
A photograph of an individual who, in view of the two-line embroidered collar designations, is almost certainly a Chief Inspector. The cap badge is clearly much larger than that issued to tramcar staff, comprising the Lincoln shield with a ribbon underneath, and was probably cloth.


Lincoln Corporation Tramways inspector's cap badge
Lincoln inspector's cap badge - cloth. This was certainly worn during the later bus era, and there remains a possibility that it may have been worn towards the end of the tramway's life. Author's collection.


Female staff
Lincoln Corporation Tramways Great War conductiress Mary jane Jackson
Great War conductress Mary Jane Jackson in her tailored, single-breasted jacket and military-style cap. Original held in a private collection, courtesy of the National Tramway Museum.


City of Lincoln tramways conductress
An all-female crew pose with their vehicle (Tramcar No 2) on a service to Bracebridge - photo undated, but almost certainly taken during or shortly after the Great War. Whilst both ladies are wearing script-lettering cap badges, only the conductress appears to have a shield badge above. Both caps are baggy rather than the standard military issue, and were presumably intended for female staff only. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.


City of Lincoln Tramways motorwoman
Motorwoman N Scott at the controls of a very delapidated tramcar on a service to Bracebridge - photo undated, but probably taken shortly after the Great War as the tram is equipped for overhead rather than surface contact working (conversion took place in late 1919). She is possibly the same motorwomen as in the previous photo. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.


City of Lincoln tramways conductress
Lincoln City Tramways conductress - 2nd March 1929. The usual script-lettering grade badge is absent, and cap is of a baggy style rather than the earlier military-style. Photographer, H Nicol, with thanks to the National Tramway Museum.