Leamington and Warwick Tramways
Although photographs of the early horse-tram era appear not to have survived, those from later years (taken in the last years of the Leamington and Warwick Tramways and Omnibus Company, and the first years of British Electric Traction Company ownership) clearly show staff wearing informal attire: trousers, jacket, shirt and tie, along with the fashionable headgear of the day, either the bowler hat or the flat cap. No badges or licences were worn.
Electrification took place under the auspices of the Leamington and Warwick Electrical Company, a subsidiary of the much larger British Electric Traction Company Ltd (BET), a concern which, over the course of its history, either owned, part-owned or leased almost 50 tramway concerns across the British Isles. The photos below show Leamington and Warwick Electrical Tramways staff wearing the familiar and largely regulation BET uniform. Although jackets appeared to vary somewhat between BET systems, as well as across the decades, the cap badges, collar designations and buttons invariably followed a standard pattern.
For the inauguration of services, staff wore informal attire, as it would appear that the uniforms were late arriving; it is currently unclear when they were eventually issued, but this was probably not long after services commenced. Uniforms comprised double-breasted 'lancer-style' tunics with two rows of five buttons (narrowing from top to bottom, and presumably of the standard BET pattern - see link) and upright collars; the latter bore an employee number on the bearer's left-hand side (in individual brass numerals) and system initials - 'L & W T' (in individual brass letters) - on the right-hand side. Caps were in the military style with a glossy peak and bore the standard BET 'Magnet and Wheel' cap badge in brass, above an employee number (in individual brass numerals).
Close-up photographs of staff taken after the Balfour Beatty take-over of 1912 are yet to come to light, so details of the uniforms remain unknown; however, by analogy with other Balfour-Beatty systems, it is likely that the buttons were plain and the caps badges were standard, 'off-the-shelf', script-lettering grade badges. Confirmation must however await the discovery of new photographic evidence.
Photographs of inspectors, either from the horse, BET or BB eras, are unknown, as are those of female staff, who would presumably have been employed during the Great War to replace men lost to the armed services.
Horse tram drivers and conductors
Leamington and Warwick Horse Tram No 7, which appears to be a Falcon Engine and Car Works product (delivered in 1895), at the Leamington terminus - photo undated, but probably taken in the late 1890s. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.
A blow-up of the above photo showing the conductor and driver, both of whom are in informal attire.
A rather battered looking Leamington and Warwick Horse Tram No 1 (certainly not the original car with that number) - photo undated, but probably taken around the turn of the century. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.
A blow-up of the above photo showing the crew men, both of whom are wearing informal attire.
Motormen and conductors
What appears to be a brand new Tramcar No 2 at the Warwick terminus, seemingly without company markings - photo almost certainly taken in summer 1905. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.
A blow-up of the above photo showing the crew, both of whom are wearing informal attire.
Conductor and motorman with Tramcar No 3 in BET days, i.e. sometime between 1905 and 1912. Author's Collection.
A blow-up of the above photo showing the crewmen, both of whom are wearing standard BET insignia: 'Magnet & Wheel' cap badge above employee number, with employee number on the bearer's left-hand collar and 'L & W T' initials on the right-hand collar.
Standard British Electric Traction Company ‘Magnet & Wheel’ cap badge - brass
An array of staff and four trams - photo probably taken just after the Balfour Beatty take-over, as though the first tram still bears the BET's 'Magnet & Wheel' device, one of the staff is wearing a script-lettering grade badge.