Birkenhead Corporation Tramways



Owner Birkenhead Commissioners (the local authority)
Opened 21st November 1864 - tracks at Woodside Ferry connecting with the Birkenhead Street Railway Company Ltd system
Operator (lessee) Birkenhead Street Railway Company Ltd [horse]
Opened 6th September 1873 - tracks at Woodside Ferry connecting with the Hoylake and Birkenhead Rail and Tramway Company's line
Operator (lessee) Hoylake and Birkenhead Rail and Tramway Company [horse]
Taken over (lessee) 1877 (Birkenhead Tramways Company [horse]) - following its acquisition of the BSRCo
Charter of incorporation 1877 - Birkenhead formally incorporated as a County Borough
Opened 19th January 1878 - tracks at Woodside Ferry connecting with the Wirral Tramway Company's line
Operator (lessee) Wirral Tramway Company [horse]
Taken over (lessee) 12th October 1879 (BTCo) - following its acquisition of the H&BR&TCo
Took over (track) 15th August 1890 (BTCo) - lines within Birkenhead; purchased from the liquidator
Operator (lessee) 15th August 1890 (Birkenhead United Tramway, Omnibus and Carriage Company Ltd)
Took over (track) 11th March 1895 (Wirral Tramway Company [horse] - lines within Birkenhead)
Operator (lessee) WTCo
Took over (track) 31st December 1899 (WTCo) - remaining company-owned track outside Birkenhead, within Lower Bebington
Last WTCo horse service 8th May 1900 - services initially replaced with omnibuses pending conversion to electric traction
Taken over (operation) 16th May 1900 (BUTO&CCoLtd - lines of the former WTCo, during conversion to electric traction)
Last horse service 22nd January 1901 - operated by BUTO&CCoLtd
First electric route
4th February 1901
Operator Birkenhead Corporation
Closed 17th July 1937
Length 79.08 miles
Gauge 4ft 8½ins

Button description Title (‘Birkenhead Corporation Tramways’) surrounding arms (quartered shield surmounted by helmet, foliage and lion) above motto ‘Ubi Fides Ibi Lux Et Robur’ (Where there is faith there is light and strength)
Materials known Nickel; black horn
Button Line reference [113/6]