Southport Corporation Tramways
Following the termination of the Birkdale and Southport Tramways Company lease, Southport Corporation operated horse trams for almost one year (December 1901 to December 1902). Photographs which unequivocally date from this period have yet to come to light, so it is currently impossible to state whether the corporation issued horsecar staff with uniforms, or whether they simply continued with the 'informal attire' policy of the company (see link).
The precise chronology of the uniforms issued following electrification is currently unclear, though it is likely that the initial issues were double-breasted, with two rows of four buttons (see link) - the fourth set initially worn on the lower lapels, but later on moved to a more conventional position - and with three pockets at waist level. The lapels carried a badge on the bearer's right-hand side, probably an employee number, though during the Great War, these seem to have fallen out of use, leaving the jackets completely totally devoid of insignia. Caps were in the kepi style with a stiff glossy peak, and carried a large brass cap badge comprising the municipal shield and motto, all within a wreath, below which was a ribbon containing the words 'CORPN TRAMWAYS' (see below). The kepi style caps were replaced with more a modern soft-topped style of cap some time around the beginning of the Great War, or possibly shortly before, but initially only for motormen; conductors eventually followed suit, but seemingly not until after the war.
Motormen and conductors were also issued with double-breasted overcoats with two rows of five buttons, three pockets and high, fold-over collars, which could also be worn open; the collars carried an employee number pre-fixed with a grade initial, 'C' for conductor and 'M' for motorman. These were almost certainly in brass to match the buttons.
Photographs of inspectors have yet to surface, so it is currently impossible to say what uniforms they wore.
Southport, in common with many UK tram operators, employed women during the Great War to replace male staff lost to the armed services. These ladies - seemingly referred to as either 'Lady Guards' or 'Conductorettes' in Southport - were issued with single-breasted jackets with a row of five buttons, four pockets, lapels and epaulettes (with button closures); neither lapels nor epaulettes appear to have carried any insgnia. A long matching skirt was also issued. Headgear comprised a baggy cap with a glossy peak, which bore the same municipal cap badge as male employees' caps.
Motormen and conductors
Tramcar No 22 and crew - photo undated, but judging by the excellent condition of the tramcar, probably taken shortly after its delivery in 1902. This vehicle had been top covered by 1910, so the date can be no later than this. Author's collection.
A blow-up of the above photo showing the conductor in his clogs and gaiters. His overcoat carries his employee number on both collars (probably '50'), prefixed with a 'C', denoting that he was a conductor; this is in contrast to the motorman, whose collars are plain. The cap is a kepi, carrying an elaborate 'Corporation Tramways' cap badge (see below).
Southport Corporation Tramways cap badge - brass. Author's collection.
Motorman and conductor with Tramcar No 14 at the Kew Gardens terminus around 1912. Both men are wearing kepi-style caps, which were, by this time, somewhat old fashioned. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society.
The crew of what would appear to be a brand-new No 23 (a 'toastrack') pose for the cameraman on a 'Grand Tour' service. The service was inaugurated in 1914 using Tramcar No 21, and this car, No 23, was delivered the following year, so the photo was probably taken in that year, though it is difficult to say with certainty as Southport seems to have kept these vehicles in immaculate condition. The motorman is wearing a kepi-style cap, in contrast to the conductor, who has a soft-topped cap with a white rain cover. The motorman's lapel badge seems to be 'C74', which suggests that he may only recently have passed out as a motorman, having previously served as a conductor.
Another toastrack shot, this time of No 21, again seemingly in pristine condition, but from the plethora of large flat caps, possibly taken after the Great War rather than during it. Author's collection.
A blow-up of the above photo showing the conductor in his smart uniform and kepi-style cap with prominent cap badge. He appears to be Employee 'C87', the 'C' prefix correctly denoting him as a conductor.
Conductress and motorman with 'California' Tramcar No 7 - photo undated, but almost certainly taken during the Great War.
Blow-up of the above photo showing the motorman. By this time staff were clearly wearing rather squat military-style caps, the top of which, in this photo, obscures the bearer's cap badge. The lapels and collars are plain, i.e. devoid of badges. Author's collection.
Conductor and motorman in military-style caps, with another immaculately turned-out toastrack, Tramcar No 27 - photo undated, but probably taken after the Great War. Photo courtesy of Duncan Holden.
A blow up of the Great War photograph of No 7 above, showing the conductress.