Neath Tramways

Photographs of Neath's horse trams are exceedingly rare, either during the days of the Neath & District Tramways Company (1873 to 1897) or following the latter's acquisition by Neath Corporation. However, from the few images which have survived, it would seem almost certain that uniforms were not issued, and that horsecar crews simply wore robust but informal attire, along with the fashionable headgear of the day, predominantly the bowler hat, but later on the flat cap.

Somewhat surprisingly given the unusual method of propulsion, photographs of Neath's gas trams are also rare, with images showing drivers and conductors being rarer still. Motormen certainly wore double-breasted, 'lancer-style' tunics with two rows of five buttons (narrowing from top to bottom); in view of the fact that marked buttons have not come to light, it is likely that the uniforms carried plain buttons. Headgear took the form of a military-style cap with a glossy peak and tensioned crown (top); this bore a script-lettering grade badge, which from the length, appears to have been of the Motorman variety, as opposed to Driver.

It should be noted that the small number of surviving photographs are from relatively late in the system's life, so a degree of caution must be exercised in simply back-extrapolating the uniform policy of this era (when the corporation operated the system) to earlier years when the system was leased (first to the British Gas Traction Company, and later to its successor, the Provincial Gas Traction Company). Although these later photos show conductors wearing informal attire, in all probability this was not the case in more prosperous days (if the system could ever be thus described), when conductors would almost certainly have worn uniforms.

Photographs of senior staff (e.g. inspectors) are yet to come to light, so it is currently impossible to say what uniforms they wore. It is also currently unclear whether, like most British tramway systems, women were employed during the Great War, to replace male staff lost to the armed services, though if they were, photographs appear not to have survived.

For a history of the system, see: 'Neath Corporation Tramways, 1897-1920' by G Tucker, in The Tramway Review Nos 107 (p75-85), 108 (p110-112), 127 (p218-220) and 129 (p25-26); Light Railway Transport League (1981, 1986 and 1987).


Horse tram drivers and conductors
Neath and District Tramways 1889
An assemblage of Neath and District Tramways staff, including the Manager, James Naish (seated in the centre) captured in the depot yard around 1889. None of those present, other than the soldier, are wearing a uniform. Photo by kind permission of James Naish's great grandson, Bob Barwick.

Neath and District Tramways tram conductor
A blow-up of the above photo showing an individual (extreme left) who is carrying a fare collection box, and who is therefore, certainly a conductor. The boy immediately to the left of James Naish is probably also a conductor, as he appears to be wearing a cash or ticket bag or some kind.

Neath Tramways horse tram No 1 and crew
The crew of Horsecar No 1 pose patiently with their charge in the middle of the road for the cameraman to get his shot - photo undated, but from the clothing and headgear, probably taken around the turn of the century. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.

Neath Horse Tram No 1 and crew
A blow-up of the above photo showing the driver and his very youthful-looking conductor, both of whom are wearing completely informal attire, topped off with flat caps.

Gas tram drivers and conductors
Neath Cororation Tramways gas tram and depot staff
A photograph purportedly taken at the London Rd depot with what appears to be a brand-new gas tram, which would date the image to the summer of 1899. All the men present are wearing informal attire, which could either mean that they are horsecar staff, or that uniforms had yet to be issued. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.

Neath Corporation Tramways Gas Tram No 19
Gas tram No 19 at the Briton Ferry terminus - photo undated, but probably taken in the years of corporation operation (1916 to 1920). The conductor appears to be wearing informal attire, whilst the driver wears a double-breasted, 'lancer-style' tunic and military-style cap. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.

Neath Corporation Tramways Tram No 21
Anther shot at what appears to be the same location as the previous photograph, but this time of No 21 - photo undated, but in view of the sagging platform and battered advertising enamels, probably taken around the time of the Great War. Once again the conductor is wearing informal attire, and the driver a 'lancer-style' tunic; in this photo however, the latter's cap is clearly carrying a script-lettering grade badge. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.

Neath Corporation Tramways cap badges
Standard script-lettering cap badges of the pattern probably used by Neath Corporation Tramways - brass. Whether Neath used brass or nickel badges is currently unknown. Author's Collection.