Portsmouth Corporation Tramways
Following the corporation's take-over of the Portsmouth Street Tramways Company in 1901, the corporation operated horse trams for nearly 30 months, the last one running in May 1903. Although it is currently unclear whether uniforms were issued to horsecar staff, what photographic evidence there is, suggests that they were not.
Electric car staff initially wore heavy-duty double-breasted jackets with three pockets, two rows of four buttons (presumably brass - see link) and lapels. The left-hand lapel collar bore ‘P C T’ in individual initials, whilst the right-hand side appears to have borne an employee number (both probably brass to match the buttons). Caps were of the taller military type with a glossy peak, and bore a small shield badge, taken from the city’s coat of arms, which was worn above a script-lettering badge, either 'Motorman' or 'Conductor,' again more than likely in brass to match the buttons.
New dark grey uniforms - edged in red piping - were issued to all 355 staff in August 1916. These were very similar in style to their predecessors, being double-breasted with two rows of five buttons (sometimes four in later issues), three waist level pockets' and lapels; the latter bore 'P.C.T' one-piece collar badges on each side rather than the individual metal letters and employee numbers that had been worn previously. Caps continued in the upright military style, but now bore a prominent nickel and blue enamel cap badge; these were however not issued until the 27th September, possibly due to wartime supply difficulties. The new badges were emblazoned with the system title - ‘Portsmouth Tramways’ - and an employee number in the centre, lower numbers apparently being issued to conductors and higher numbers to motormen (see 'Tramways of Portsmouth' by S E Harrison). The button material was possibly changed at this time to nickel, and certainly in later years (1930s) to chrome.
At some point late in the tramway's life (probably the 1920s) the 'P.C.T' collar badges were dispensed with in favour of the small Portsmouth shield badge that previously adorned the caps. Given that marked chrome buttons exist, it is possible that the shield badges were also changed to chrome at some point.
Tramcar staff were also issued with long double-breasted overcoats with two rows of five buttons, three waist-level pockets and high, fold-over collars and epaulettes; the collars probably carried system initials up to the 1920s, thereafter the municipal shield badge. Tramcar staff also wore municipal licences, which appear to have been enamel, bearing - in addition to the number - the crescent and star of Portsmouth. These appear to have been dispensed with around the time of the First World War, probably when numbered cap badges were issued.
It is unclear what uniforms were worn by inspectors, though one photograph below suggests that they wore kepi-style caps, at least in the Edwardian era. In later years, senior staff certainly wore cloth cap badges marked with the full system title in gold bullion (see below), along with matching grade badges (Timekeeper, Inspector, Depot Inspector and Chief Inspector are known); the latter were presumably worn on either the lapels or epaulettes.
In common with the majority of UK tramway systems, Portsmouth employed female staff (from 1915) to replace male staff lost to the armed services; these ladies were overwhelmingly employed as conductresses, though a few were trained as drivers in 1918. It is unclear what uniforms were issued initially, though there is no reason to think that these were any different from those issued in August 1916, which consisted of a long, tailored single-breasted jacket with five buttons, a waist belt with buttons, two waist pockets and high, fold-over collars; the latter bore the same one-piece 'P.C.T' collar badge as the jackets worn by male employees. Caps were initially identical to those issued to their male counterparts, but appear subsequently to have had a more baggy upper (see below).
Note that Portsmouth Corporation Tramways was officially renamed the ‘City of Portsmouth Passenger Transport Department’ on 14th July 1936, barely 4 months before the last tram ran. It is unclear whether the ‘CofPPTD’ cap badge illustrated below was ever issued to tramway staff, though this is clearly a possibility, even if somewhat unlikely.
For a detailed history of the area's tramways, see 'Tramways of Portsmouth' by S E Harrison, Light Railway Transport League (1955).
Motormen and conductors
Portsmouth Conductor 185 - photo undated, but very probably taken in the first decade of operation. Author's Collection.
A blow-up of the above photo showing details of the uniform, including the shield cap badge worn on the rain cover and the employee number on both the licence and the right-hand collar
Cap badges - brass/gilt and chrome. The brass badge was initially worn as a cap badge, but was later relegated to the upper collars following the introduction of the large cap badge below. The chrome example was probably not issued until the 1930s, or possibly even after the tramway system had closed. With thanks to Richard Rosa.
Standard ‘off the shelf’ script-lettering cap badges of the type used by Portsmouth Corporation Tramways - brass.
Motorman poses for the camera with Tramcar 116 at Clarence Pier - photo undated but probably taken in the mid to late 1920s. Note the lighter cut of the jacket compared to the earlier version, as well as the large municipal cap badge. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with particular thanks to David Voice.
Portsmouth Corporation Tramways cap badge - nickel and blue enamel - introduced in September 1916.
Conductor and motorman pose for the photographer (H Nicoll) with two tramcars, one of which (No 48) is on a Route 11 service to the dockyard - photo undated, but probably taken in the early 1930s. The conductor is wearing a double-breasted jacket, but with the shield badge on the lapels rather than system initials. With thanks to the National Tramway Museum.
A conductor stands somewhat proprietorily with Tramcar No 57 at the Hard - photo undated, but very probably taken in the early 1930s. This is the only photograph I'm aware if which appears to show an employee wearing a single-breasted jacket. Photographer, A D Packer. With thanks to the National Tramway Museum.
Motorman at the controls of Tramcar No 82 - photo undated but probably taken in the early 1930s. Photographer, M J O'Connor. With thanks to the National Tramway Museum.
City of Portsmouth Passenger Transport Department cap badge (introduced some time after July 1936) - nickel and blue enamel
Tramcar No 84 with a service for Eastney stands in front of the Victoria Barracks - photo undated, but probably taken in the early Edwardian era. Note the three figures on the right, who may possibly be inspectors, appear to be wearing kepi-style caps, . Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with particular thanks to David Voice.
Two individuals pose with an unidentified tram - photo undated but almost certainly taken prior to the First World War. Both men are wearing single-breasted jackets, a contrast which suggests that they may be inspectors. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with particular thanks to David Voice.
Senior grade cap badge? - embroidered cloth.
Timekeeper lapel or shoulder badge - embroidered cloth.
Inspector lapel or shoulder badge - embroidered cloth.
Depot Inspector lapel or shoulder badge - embroidered cloth.
Chief Inspector lapel or shoulder badge - embroidered cloth.
Unknown stripe badge, probably worn on the jacket sleeve, possibly denoting long service or good conduct - embroidered cloth
Studio portrait of a conductress, probably called 'Maude', by a Portsmouth-based photographer - photo undated, but likely to be early in the Great War. Author's Collection.
A blow-up of the above photo showing that whilst the subject is wearing the newer 'P.C.T' one-piece collar badges, she still has the older script-lettering grade badge.
PCT tram conductress No 65 - 1916. On the back of the photograph, the inscription reads: "Auntie Florrie Rutland (sp?) 1916, on the trams at Portsmouth". Although she is wearing the new corporation cap badge (introduced in 1916), her tunic collars are missing the usual PCT initials badges; she also sports a baggy-topped cap, presumably ordered specifically for female employees. Author's collection.